fiscal institution in Canada
This article is about the Canadian multinational commercial bank. For the sword name the bank operates under in the United States, see RBC Bank. For the canadian central deposit, see Bank of Canada Royal Bank of Canada ( RBC ; french : Banque royale du Canada ) is a canadian multinational fiscal services company and the largest bank in Canada by commercialize capitalization. The bank serves over 16 million clients and has 86,000+ employees cosmopolitan. [ 2 ] Founded in 1864 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, it maintains a corporate headquarters in Toronto and its heading office in Montreal. [ 2 ] RBC ‘s institution number is 003. In November 2017, RBC was added to the Financial Stability Board ‘s list of ball-shaped systemically significant banks. In Canada, the bank ‘s personal and commercial bank operations are branded as RBC Royal Bank in English and RBC Banque Royale in French and serves approximately ten million clients through its network of 1,209 branches. RBC Bank is the U.S. bank subordinate which once operated 439 branches across six states in the Southeastern United States, [ 6 ] but immediately alone offers cross-border deposit services to canadian travellers and expats. RBC besides has 127 branches across seventeen countries in the Caribbean, which serve more than 16 million clients. [ 7 ] RBC Capital Markets is RBC ‘s worldwide investment and corporate banking subsidiary company, while the investment brokerage house firm is known as RBC Dominion Securities. investment banking services are besides provided through RBC Bank and the focus is on middle marketplace clients.

In 2011, RBC was the largest canadian company by gross and commercialize capitalization [ 8 ] and was ranked fiftieth in the 2013 Forbes Global 2000 list. [ 9 ] The party has operations in Canada and 36 other countries, [ 10 ] and had C $ 1.01 trillion of Assets under management in 2021. [ 5 ] [ 11 ]

history.

In 1864, the Merchants Bank of Halifax was founded in Halifax, Nova Scotia, as a commercial bank that financed the fish and timber industries and the European and Caribbean import/export businesses. [ 12 ] By 1869 the Merchants ‘ Bank was formally incorporated and received its federal charter in the same year. [ 13 ] During the 1870s and 1880s, the bank expanded into the early Maritime Provinces. When both the Newfoundland Commercial Bank and Union Bank of Newfoundland collapsed on 10 December 1894, the Merchants Bank expanded to Newfoundland on 31 January 1895. [ 13 ]
As the trust grew, executives changed its name to reflect its increase and western expansion. [ 12 ] In 1901, the Merchants Bank of Halifax changed its diagnose to the Royal Bank of Canada ( RBC ). The center of the canadian fiscal diligence had moved from Halifax to Montreal, so the Merchants Bank relocated its head office there. In 1910, RBC merged with the Union Bank of Halifax. In the lapp year it built a bank branch in Winnipeg, Manitoba —designed by Carrère and Hastings, in beaux-arts classicism proclaiming the fiscal laterality of Winnipeg in the prairies. [ 14 ] To improve its position in Ontario, RBC merged with Traders Bank of Canada in 1912 and in 1917 RBC merged with Quebec Bank, which was founded in 1818 and chartered in 1822 in Quebec City. RBC ‘s presence in Manitoba and Saskatchewan was strengthened through a 1918 amalgamation with Northern Crown Bank, the product of the 1908 fusion of Northern Bank ( established in 1905 in Winnipeg ) and Crown Bank of Canada ( 1904 ), based in Ontario. RBC ‘s presence in the Canadian Prairie was further expanded by the 1925 fusion with the Union Bank of Canada, which had begun in Quebec City in 1865 as the Union Bank of Lower Canada, but changed its name in 1886. The Union Bank of Canada had moved its headquarters to Winnipeg in 1912, and had built a firm presence in the Prairies and opened the foremost bank in the Northwest Territories at Fort Smith in 1921. [ 15 ] [ 16 ]
Royal Bank of Canada - Wikipedia Union Bank of Canada branch in Toronto, 1919. The bank was acquired by RBC in 1925. In 1935, RBC merged with Crown Savings and Loan Co. merged with Industrial Mortgage & Trust Co. [ 17 ] RBC installed its first computer in 1962, the first in canadian deposit. [ citation needed ] In the 1960s, RBC Insurance was created. [ 12 ] In 1968, it merged with Ontario Loan and Debenture Company ( once Ontario Savings and Investment Society ). [ 18 ] RBC Insurance is the largest canadian bank-owned indemnity organization, with services to over five million people. It provides life, health, travel, home and car and reinsurance products american samoa well as creditor and business insurance services. [ 12 ] In 1993, RBC merged with Royal Trust. In 1998, RBC acquired Security First Network Bank in Atlanta—the first arrant Internet deposit. [ 19 ] In the same year, the Royal Bank of Canada proposed to merge with the Bank of Montreal, at the lapp time as the Toronto-Dominion Bank proposed to merge with the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. Both mergers were examined by the Competition Bureau of Canada, and ultimately rejected by Paul Martin, at the time the Finance Minister of Canada, and future Prime Minister. In 2000, RBC merged merchant credit/debit poster acquiring business with the Bank of Montreal ‘s to form Moneris Solutions. In 2013, RBC completed the acquisition of the canadian auxiliary of Ally Financial. [ 20 ] In 2007, RBC was recognized as the Top Most 100 herculean brands in the populace and the “ most respected corporation ” in Canada [ 21 ] In October 2008, RBC was named one of “ Canada ‘s clear 100 Employers “ by Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in Maclean’s newsmagazine. late that month, RBC was besides named one of Greater Toronto ‘s top Employers, which was announced by the Toronto Star newspaper. [ 22 ] According to a ball-shaped Newsweek ranking, which measures how effectively companies manage environmental risks and opportunities relative to their industry peers, Royal Bank of Canada is the most environmentally friendly company in the universe. [ 23 ] An RBC branch in The Glebe neighborhood of Ottawa was firebombed in May 2010. The party responsible subsequently identified themselves on Independent Media Center and threatened to make their presence at the approaching 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, as RBC was one of its key sponsors, ampere well as at the 2010 G20 Toronto peak. [ 24 ]

International expansion.

Royal Bank of Canada - Wikipedia A $ 20 RBC bill from 1938, issued for circulation in Barbados

Branding.

Royal Bank of Canada - Wikipedia Logo used by RBC from 1974 to 2001 The bank ‘s symbol is a fortunate leo clutching a earth, on a blue background. An older interpretation depicted a crown above the earth and the lion faced to the bequeath. The exchange coincided with an expansion in United States markets. Over the years, the lion ‘s mane has besides become less detailed and more conventionalized, and the spit was shortened. [ 37 ]
Like many of its competitors, RBC is a winder presenter of many events, community programs, and charities. One percentage of RBC ‘s average annual net income before taxes is set aside for charitable partnerships via the arms-length RBC Foundation. RBC is a major sponsor of numerous cultural events, including the Toronto International Film Festival. It besides sponsors the RBC Taylor Prize, a literary award for non-fiction write in Canada, and hosts a annually canadian Women Entrepreneur Award. [ 38 ] [ 39 ] In July 2013, the RBC Foundation partnered with the University of Toronto to revive the Siminovitch Prize in Theatre, given to recognize accomplishment in Canadian theater. [ 40 ]
RBC is one of Canada ‘s largest sponsors of amateurish sports and is the longest-running canadian sponsor of the Olympic Games. It employs dozens of top-tier amateur athletes as half-time spokespeople through the RBC Olympians program. RBC is a early premier sponsor of Hockey Canada and previously owned the naming rights to the National Junior A Championship, then called the Royal Bank Cup ( late the RBC Cup ). In addition, it supports canadian field hockey at the grassroots level through the RBC Play Hockey program. RBC owns naming rights to the RBC Centre, RBC Convention Centre Winnipeg, RBC Canadian Open, and RBC Heritage ( once the Heritage Classic ). From 2002 to 2012, RBC previously held the name rights to what is now the PNC Arena in Raleigh, North Carolina. [ 41 ]

The identify rights for the Top 25 canadian Immigrants Award presented annually by canadian Immigrant have been owned by RBC since 2013. [ 42 ] celebrated recipients of the award include Toronto Raptors ‘Superfan ‘ Nav Bhatia, [ 43 ] VANOC CEO John Furlong, [ 44 ] mental health activist Loizza Aquino, [ 45 ] father of three professional frosting field hockey players Karl Subban, [ 46 ] CBC News anchor Ian Hanomansing, [ 44 ] and the 26th Governor-General of Canada, Adrienne Clarkson. [ 47 ]

corporate government.

The title of Royal Bank ‘s top executive has changed respective times. Initially it was styled as President. late, it became chief executive officer and one much carried extra responsibilities as chairman of the board, while the second-in-command was the President. Allan R. Taylor was president and CEO from 1986 to 1994, and he was succeeded by John Cleghorn in that capacity from 1994 to 2001. Dave McKay is presently the President and chief executive officer. David P. O’Brien has served as the institution ‘s chair ( non-executive ) since 2004. The position was once held by Guy Saint-Pierre, who held the place from 2001 to 2004 .

Chief Executive Officer.

head Offices.

The head office for the institution was initially located at the Merchants ‘ Bank of Halifax Building, on Bedford Row, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia. The build served as the pass agency for the bank from 1864 to 1907. In 1907, the RBC relocated its head agency to the Four Pillars Building, at 147 Saint Jacques Street ( renumbered 221 in 1928 ), Montreal. The building was used as RBC ‘s mind agency until 1928. The Four Pillars Building was later demolished, with only its facade remaining. [ 48 ] In 1928, RBC moved its headway office to the Old Royal Bank Building, at 360 Saint Jacques Street, Montreal. In 1962, RBC moved its head office to Place Ville-Marie, at University Street and René-Lévesque Boulevard in Montreal. In 1976, RBC completed Royal Bank Plaza, at 200 Bay Street, Toronto. The Royal Bank of Canada soon operates two headquarters, with its “ principal office ” based at Place Ville-Marie, and a “ corporate headquarters ” at Royal Bank Plaza ; [ 2 ] with most of its management operations based in Toronto. [ 3 ]

Controversies.

discrimination.

On January 15, 2007, CBC Radio reported RBC is “ refusing ” people of certain nationalities to open U.S. dollar accounts with the bank. [ 49 ] canadian citizens with double citizenship in Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Myanmar, North Korea or Sudan ( by and large countries with U.S. sanctions ) are affected. The U.S. Treasury Department restricts certain extraneous nationals from using the U.S. dollar payment arrangement to limit terrorism and money laundering after the September 11, 2001, attacks. RBC replied that submission with such laws does not represent an endorsement by the bank and on January 17, clarified its position on the application of the U.S. laws, specifying that “ with some exceptions ” it does unfold accounts for double citizens of the canonic countries. [ 50 ] There have besides been reports that the bank has closed the accounts of some Iranian-Canadian citizens. [ 51 ]

environment.

environmental groups criticized RBC ‘s finance of oil sands bitumen extraction and expansion, cumulatively issuing “ more than $ 2.3 billion in loans and finance more than $ 6.9 billion in [ corporate ] debt between 2003 and 2007 for 13 companies including : Encana, Husky Energy, OPTI Canada, Delphi Energy, canadian Oil Sands Trust, Northwest Upgrading, Suncor, Total, Connacher Oil and Gas, InterPipeline and Enbridge “. This opposition was due to the damaging effect Oil Sands extraction has on the environment and human health. [ 52 ] A 2020 report on fossil fuel finance by the Sierra Club and Rainforest Action Network found that RBC was the one-fifth largest funder of fossil fuels in the world, and largest in Canada, investing over US $ 160 billion on fossil fuel projects since 2016 ‘s Paris Agreement. [ 53 ] This sparked criticism from environmental groups and climate activists. [ 54 ]

Mismarking.

In 2007, the Royal Bank of Canada fired several traders in its corporate chemical bond business, after another trader accused them of mismarking bonds the bank held by overpricing them, and marked down the values of the bonds and recognized $ 13 million of trade losses relating to the bonds. [ 55 ] The savings bank said it investigated the accusations, and took remedial action. [ 55 ] The Globe and Mail noted : “ traders might have an bonus to boost [ the bonds ‘ ] prices because it could have an impact on their bonuses. ” [ 55 ]

fund of SCO litigation on Linux.

RBC invested in SCO Group during the series of woo cases seeking to collect royalties from the users of Linux. [ 56 ]

Temporary foreign workers and canadian layoffs.

In April 2013, the CBC reported that the Royal Bank of Canada was indirectly hiring impermanent extraneous workers to replace 45 canadian information technology workers. [ 57 ] The CBC reported on May 7, 2013, that during Question Period in Parliament the NDP leveled accusations against the government and then Prime Minister Stephen Harper, to which he responded that the government has been working on problems with the Temporary Foreign Worker Program for more than a year. [ 58 ]

Memberships.

RBC is a member of the Canadian Bankers Association ( CBA ) and is a registered member with the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation ( CDIC ), a federal representation insuring deposits at all of Canada ‘s lease banks. It is besides a penis of :

See besides.

explanatory notes.

  1. ^[2][3] The bank maintains both a “ corporate headquarter ” in Toronto, and a “ head office ” in Montreal, with most of its management operations taking space in the former .

References.

further reading.

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