U Nu, once Thakin Nu, ( born May 25, 1907, Wakema, Burma [ Myanmar ] —died Feb. 14, 1995, Yangon ), burmese independence drawing card and prime minister of Myanmar ( once Burma ) from 1948 to 1958 and from 1960 to 1962.

U Nu was educated at the University of Rangoon ( Yangon ), from which he received his B.A. academic degree in 1929. For some years headmaster of the National High School in Pantanaw, he returned to the university in 1934 to study law, becoming president of the Student Union of Rangoon and joining student political movements. His extrusion and that of the young leader Aung San from the university in 1936 resulted in a student strike. One of the first confrontations between young Burmese nationalists and the british colonial authorities, it gained Nu national bulge. The follow year he joined the We-Burmans Association and played an authoritative region in the struggle for independence. Jailed by the british in 1940 for sedition, he was released only after the japanese invade Burma .
Close-up of terracotta Soldiers in trenches, Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China
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In 1943 U Nu served as foreign minister in Ba Maw ’ s pro-Japanese government. He soon, however, became disillusioned with the Japanese. Following the character assassination in 1947 of Aung San, the star nationalist leader, U Nu was asked to become fountainhead of the government and leader of Burma ’ s leading political party, the Anti-Fascist People ’ mho Freedom League ( AFPFL ). When independence was declared in January 1948, U Nu became the first gear flower minister of Myanmar and served for 10 years, with lone a brief interlude out of function in 1956–57. Although U Nu was an able and highly respect statesman, his government was plagued by communist and ethnic-minority insurrections, economic stagnation, and administrative inefficiency. His 1948 Pyidawtha ( social welfare ) platform included a Land Nationalization Act, but his efforts to elevate the living standard of the people were frustrated by the wide-eyed extent of war wrong and by the drop in rice exports, which had constituted one of Myanmar ’ randomness principal sources of extraneous exchange. His party retained world power after winning general elections in 1952 and 1956. U Nu was one of the founders of the Nonaligned Movement in the 1950s. In 1958 he resigned his post as prime curate and a “ caretaker ” government took complete, headed by General Ne Win. In 1960 parliamentary government was restored, and U Nu again became flower minister after his party won elections. In March 1962, however, Ne Win staged a coup d’etat vitamin d ’ état, establishing a military politics and putting U Nu in prison. Following his spill from prison, U Nu left Myanmar ( 1969 ) and began organizing a electric resistance movement against the Ne Win government. When this movement failed, he took up mansion in India, but he returned to Myanmar in 1980 at the invitation of Ne Win. In July 1980 U Nu returned to Rangoon to become a Buddhist monk. He made an unsuccessful command for baron after pro-democracy demonstrations toppled Ne Win ’ s government in 1988.

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