– sphere : 14,874 sq. km – location : East Timor is an island in the Oceania, which includes the easterly half of the Timor island, the surrounding islands of the Atauro and Jaco and the Oecussi ( Ambeno ), 1 separate in the NorthWest of the island, in the West Timor of Indonesia. – climate : tropical, hot, humid ; clear-cut showery and dry seasons : + Dry season : From May to December + Rainy season : From December to April – terrain : cragged – administrative division : 13 administrative districts ; Aileu, Ainaro, Baucau, Bobonaro ( Maliana ), Cova-Lima ( Suai ), Dili, Ermera ( Gleno ), Lautem ( Los Palos ), Liquica, Manatuto, Manufahi ( Same ), Oecussi ( Ambeno ), Viqueque. – Languages : Tetum ( official ), Portuguese ( official ), Indonesian, English. There are about 16 autochthonal languages ; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by a meaning part of the population – independence : 28/11/1975 – currentness : United States dollar ( USD ) 2. Economy – GDP increase rate : + GDP growth rate in 2012 : 10 % ( rank 10th global ) + GDP per caput in 2012 : USD 1,068.00 – gross domestic product constitution by sector : + farming : 4.3 % + industry : 68.3 % + Service : 27.4 % ( 2012 est. ) – Exports : + Export value : USD 34.1 million ( 2011 ). + Export commodities : vegetable oil, coffee bean, sandalwood, marble. – Imports : + Import rate : USD 689 million ( 2011 ). + Import commodities : food, gasoline, kerosene, machinery II. SOCIETY 1. Population – 1,172,390 ( July 2012 est. ) – population growth rate ( 2013 est. ) : 2.47 %. – literacy ( age 15 and all over can read and write ) : 58.3 %.
– age proportion : 0-14 years : 42.7 % ( male 257,340/female 243,174 ) 15-24 years : 19.7 % ( male 116,605/female 114,203 ) 25-54 years : 29.3 % ( male 166,048/female 177,024 ) 55-64 years : 4.8 % ( male 28,717/female 27,011 ) 65 year and over : 3.6 % ( male 20,428/female 21,840 ) ( 2013 est. ) – > East Timor ’ second population is unseasoned : 62.4 % of the population is from 0-24 years old. – > urban population : 28.3 % ( 2012 ). – > population in Dili capital : 137,879 – labor pull by occupation : + agriculture : 64 % + industry : 10 % + Services : 26 %. 2. Ethnic groups East Timor ’ sulfur people consists of a number of distinct cultural groups, most of whom are of desegregate malayo-polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan descent. The largest malayo-polynesian heathen groups are the Tetum ( or Tetun ), who lives chiefly in the North coast and around Dili ; the Mambae in the cardinal mountains ; the Tukudede in the area around Maubara and Liquiçá ; the Galoli who lives among the Mambae and Makasae tribes ; the Kemak in the island of the north-central Timor and the Baikeno in the sphere around Pante Macassar. The independent tribe of predominantly Papuan origin include the Bunak in the central interior of Timor island ; the Fataluku at the Eastern tiptoe of the island near Lospalos ; and the Makasae in the East end of the island. In addition, like other old colonies of Portugal, as a leave of coarse interracial marriage between races, there is a minor population of desegregate East Timorese and Portuguese origin, known in Portuguese as mestiços. The most celebrated mestiços East Timorese is José Ramos-Horta, the once spokeperson of the oversea rotation campaign, which is the incumbent President of East Timor. Mário Viegas Carrascalão, the Governor appointed by Indonesia from 1987 until 1992, is besides a Mestiços. There is a small chinese minority, most of whom are Hakka. Most of them left the nation after the invasion of Indonesia. 3. Ethnic characteristics: – Trust in people – Expected to self-study, to reach out to the worldly concern – sensitive, sometimes hot tempered – kind hearted, forgiveness – gallant of local linguistic process, independence from Indonesia – open to aid from the external – curious, specially about foreigner – tidal bore to self express to others – don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate want to be imposed by rules that is inconsistent with their acculturation and thoughts – religious belief : obedience for elders, ancestors and the nature.
4. Religion Roman Catholic 91 %, Protestant / Evangelical 3.5 %, Muslim 3 %. Roman Catholic was introduced to East Timor by the Portuguese since 1515, however, this impression started to widespread from 1556 at the arrival of the Dominican friar, António Taveira. The East Timorese were not forced to convert however if a local foreman converted many of his people would convert a well. The Catholic rites became vernacularized since 1975 when Indonesia occupied the land of East Timor. The catholic Church became the only defender of people and the rallying point for immunity .