While it has grown more than quintuple since the 1990s, Algeria ’ s indemnity industry remains small proportional to the size of the economy, with low penetration and density ratios – a coarse feature seen in emerging and frontier market policy markets. The sector, which was partitioned into life and non-life segments in 2011, still sees more than half of its profits from automotive coverage, though the life segment has grown swiftly in late years. today, under atmospheric pressure to stay profitable amid disruptive economic conditions, underwriters are expanding their product lines, points of sale and auxiliary services, specially aid products. Amid slowing growth across the economy, insurers are besides working to adapt promptly in order to remain profitable and maintain a firm safety net, which the stream climate makes substantive now more than ever .

Sector Actors

The algerian indemnity market counts 24 companies, of which 11 are majority submit owned, 10 are individual and three are reciprocal insurers. The largest of these today are state-owned general risk firms launched in the 1960s and 1970s with the mission of supporting particular economic sectors. In the liberalization push of the early 1990s, however, all were relieved of their specialisations and freed to diversify their portfolios. In 1995 authorities besides opened the market to private competitors, including external firms. private insurers accounted for 22.8 % of premiums collected in the first half of 2016, according the National Insurance Council ( Conseil National des Assurances, CNA ). A modern regulation that went into consequence in 2011 obliged insurers to specialise either in damage coverage or personal indemnity, with the latter including life, locomotion, personal and group health, and credit indemnity. Most establish insurers responded by spinning off their existing personal coverage portfolios as auxiliary companies, giving the market its current configuration .

Life & Non-Life

The non-life segment nowadays counts 13 firms, and continues to be dominated by public ( SAA ), Compagnie Algérienne des Assurances ( CAAT ) and Compagnie Algérienne vitamin d ’ Assurance et de Ré assurance ( CAAR ), all of which hold double-digit market shares. Behind them are secret insurers such as Compagnie Internationale d ’ Assurances et de Réassurance and Alliance Assurances, and common insurers Caisse Nationale de Mutualité Agricole ( CNMA ) and Mutuelle Assurance Algérienne des Travailleurs de l ’ Education et de la Culture. The nascent life section presently counts eight firms, including state-owned CAAR consort CAARAMA, CAAT ’ s Tala Assurances and SAA ’ s Amana. private firms include MacirVie, BNP Paribas ’ subsidiary company Cardif El Djazair and Axa Assurances Vie, which is one of two local affiliates of France ’ s Axa. In 2015 the marketplace saw its newest entrant in the privately owned Algerian Gulf Life Insurance Company, which has since been rebranded as L ’ Algérienne Vie .
Besides the firms in the life and non-life segments, three specialist players besides occupy significant niches. These are export credit insurance company Compagnie Algérienne vitamin d ’ Assurance de Garantie des Exportations, mortgage insurance company Société de Garantie de Crédit Immobilier and state-owned reinsurer Compagnie Centrale de Ré assurance ( CCR ). Since 2010, when new rules obliged insurers to reinsure at least 50 % of their portfolios through CCR, the reinsurer has seen its domestic business grow well and remains active internationally.

The CNA serves as the indemnity diligence ’ s official concertation mechanism, regrouping insurers with intermediaries, customer representatives and regulators. interim, industry group the Algerian Union of Insurance and Reinsurance Companies ( Union Algé rienne de Sociétés five hundred ’ Assurance et de Réassurance, UAR ) only includes policy companies .

Key Indicators

Algeria ’ s insurance sector realised total revenues of AD130.8bn ( €1.1bn ) in 2015, a 2.2 % increase over 2014, according to CNA statistics. entire year-on-year ( y-o-y ) tax income growth climbed to 3.2 % in the first half of 2016. This contrasts with the regional tendency across african markets, which have seen both liveliness and non-life premiums decline since 2012, according to figures from swiss Re. The small but dynamic biography section has expanded quickly in the five years since its separation from the non-life section. In 2015 liveliness firms realised 23 % growth to reach AD10.6bn ( €87.7m ) in premiums, representing 8.1 % of the sector ’ sulfur total, according to the CNA. The segment ’ s rebel continued in the first one-half of 2016, collecting 9.1 % of sum premiums, driven by a particularly strong increase in group health coverage. As the life segment expands, it is challenged by quickly rising claims costs, which reached AD2.3bn ( €19m ) in 2015. Though not even 4 % of the diligence ’ s full claims, that figure represents a 60 % y-o-y rise .
The non-life segment, with AD118.1bn ( €976.9m ) in revenues, or closely 91.8 % of the entire sector in 2015, saw growth flatten to 0.2 % in 2015, devour from 14.2 % in 2014, according to the CNA. The non-life segment pull back over half its revenues from automotive coverage, which has struggled to maintain growth over 2016 amid difficult conditions. The car line contracted by about 2 % y-o-y in the first half of 2016, but this slip was offset by impregnable rebounds in previously stalled transport ( 19 % ) and property ( 8.4 % ) indemnity premiums. In aggregate, the non-life segment saw 2.5 % y-o-y growth in premiums over the first six months of 2016. In the same period, claims fell by 3.7 % y-o-y to reach AD28.3bn ( €234.1m ), of which 73 % were car claims .


insurance penetration in Algeria has traditionally been quite low. According to Swiss Re, sum premiums represented just 0.8 % of GDP in 2015, as compared to 1.9 % in Tunisia and 3.1 % in Morocco. Density is besides low, at roughly AD3300 ( €27.30 ) per caput in 2015. however, these statistics fail to capture the country ’ s across-the-board social benefit system, which can make comparison with regional neighbours misleading. Nonetheless, Youcef Benmicia, CEO of CAAT, told OBG, “ We can all agree that the ‘ insurable potential ’ is enormous, and surely not reached, particularly in certain segments and certain geographic areas. ” According to CNA figures, over 40 % of premiums in late years have come from Algiers. however, insurers are investing in network development, more than doubling their points of sale between 2000 and 2014 .
“ In the concluding three years we have seen solid growth in our revenues, network and clients, but compared to the potential that exists it remains slightly weak, ” Chérif Benhabiles, CNMA director-general, told OBG. To expand its penetration, the agrarian common is experimenting with newly distribution and service methods. In 2016 in the eastern region of Khenchela it inaugurated a “ Farmer ’ s House ” pilot, where farmers who are CNMA members can receive data on risk management and insurance products aboard free agricultural services like milk processing, veterinary exams and technical train. The center represents a new set about for CNMA. “ As a reciprocal insurance company, this is not possibly our common role, ” Benhabiles admitted, “ but we have studied the needs of farmers in these rural areas and found that this is what they need, so we are doing what we can to support them. ”


early insurers are focusing on diversifying their products and distribution channels to reach more electric potential clients. With the authority of e-payment in October 2016 ( see Banking overview ), many insurers are upgrading their internet bearing and preparing to launch on-line sales. Some have already developed on-line charge trackers and like report services, and in October 2016 Amana became Algeria ’ s inaugural insurance company to offer on-line bill payment. Bancassurance sales via agreements between insurers and banks continued their considerable emergence of holocene years .


The insurance sector is oversee by the Ministry of Finance ’ s Insurance Supervision Commission ( Commission de Supervision des Assurances, CSA ), which is creditworthy for authorising insurers, intermediaries and reinsurers, a well as fresh policy products. It besides handles indemnity regulation, receiving remark on regulative issues from sector actors via the CNA, which itself is informed by discussions within the UAR .
Among insurers ’ precedence recommendations in the past few years has been a revision to rules on mediation to simplify the accreditation process for brokers and independent agents. In a June 2016 CNA newsletter Ahmed Chouchane, vice-president of the National Association of General Insurance Agents, said that the more than 1000 registered intermediaries brought in 32 % of the sector ’ s total revenues in 2015, and insurers believe that licensing more of them could expand penetration. “ If we actually want to help develop the insurance sector and reach this multitude of the population that is not guarantee, we need to improve proximity through greater mediation. That means making it easier to enter this profession, ” Benmicia told OBG .
Insurers and regulators are besides collaborating to finalise regulations on takaful ( Islamic insurance ). presently only one private insurance company, Al Salama, offers takaful policies, though Benmicia told OBG that, in the absence of a regulative model that would allow for traditional takaful pool, existing policies are merely takaful-like workarounds. Insurers believe adding such products to their portfolios may help them reach a ample segment of the population who presently avoids purchasing insurance. Benmicia added, “ There is some demand, but we will not be able to gauge precisely how much until these products are on the market. ”
In the agrarian sector, insurers are interested in developing regulation to better manage the affect of climate change. Algeria presently does not oblige or subsidise agricultural policy for farmers, but as Benhabiles told OBG, “ It is merely a question of fourth dimension until we put subsidies in place, because right now the state is in full shouldering the costs of climate exchange. They are the insurance company of final fall back who covers the cost of every catastrophe. ” Drought pushed agrarian claims up 42 % in 2015, according to the CNA. Some combination of coverage requirements or subsidies for crop indemnity, Benhabiles said, would allow for climate-related production challenges to be managed within the model of the indemnity diligence.

Life Segment

Given Algeria ’ s extensive social benefit system, consumption has been humble, but it has not dissuaded the eight firms active in this segment. Three consecutive years of double-digit emergence read that the life segment is still army for the liberation of rwanda from reaching its full potential. In 2015 Aberhouche Nacer, director-general Taamine Life Aléire, said during a forum organised by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Djurdjura that he believed the life section could grow to finally become a $ 5bn market, some 50 times its current size. life firms are besides expanding their outreach to little and medium-sized enterprises ( SMEs ) interested in offering bounty coverage as a intend of attracting and retaining employee endowment, offering fresh personal aid packages ( which accounted for 20 % of the life section ’ south revenues by mid-2016 ) and developing third-party wage policies in cooperation with health clinics, ambulance services and other health wish providers. For high-end clients, MacirVie has besides explored the hypothesis of coverage that would allow customers to receive premium health worry abroad .

Non-Life Segment

Although the non-life segment has long been dominated by the car line, early products are poised to play a greater character in driving the segment ’ s growth in the coming years. “ Outside of automotive products, general risk lines are intelligibly under-exploited, ” Nacer Sais, CEO of SAA, told OBG, pointing to the increase potential of obligatory products such as natural calamity and trade coverage, a well as fire and home indemnity. While the automotive line contracted, early general hazard products showed 8.4 % y-o-y growth in mid-2016, according to CNA figures. Insurers expressed business over the slowdown in infrastructure projects due to public budget cuts, but are compensating by expanding into developing merchandise lines. According to Benmicia, less than 10 % of Algeria ’ south real estate is insured beyond the basic natural disaster coverage, which has been mandatary since 2003, leaving room for expansion in property lines .
One of the fastest-growing services in the non-life section is aid. With repairmen in curtly add across much of the area, several insurers have begun offer packages that provide home or car aid services, and others are scrambling to emulate them. “ For the customer, it is bare and it makes life much easier, ” Benmicia told OBG. “ This concept has existed for a long time, but we needed professionals in ordering to implement it, and now we have them. ”
CAAT and other insurers now contract with local aid companies, who maintain their own networks of service providers, or establish assistance-focused subsidiaries to support clients in want of home or car repairs, towing and more. Auto aid products were first authorised in 2007 and place aid in 2013, and by 2015 this coverage had grown to account for AD3.6bn ( €29.8 ) in revenues across the insurance sector. The about 19 % emergence in car aid premiums in 2015 has helped to compensate for the fall-off in traditional car coverage. Assistance policies besides help to structure the marketplace for compensate services, generating efficiency that benefits clients, insurers and workers, Sais told OBG .

Auto Line

Though retentive the backbone of the non-life section and Algeria ’ s insurance industry in general, car coverage today faces major challenges that sector actors are working hard to fix. For years, insurers have relied on a steadily stream of newfangled business from vehicle imports, but authorities have slashed meaning quotas in a command to reign in a severe trade deficit. Imports fell from 400,000 in 2014 to fair 60,000 in 2015, according to the Association of Algerian Dealers and Automobile Manufacturers. A new Renault fabrication plant near Oran is projected to produce 35,000 vehicles in 2016, compensating slenderly for the lost imports. In January 2016 the Algeria Press Service reported that as the state has developed its inner highway network in late years, accident rates have spiked, increasing by around 16 % in 2015 and driving up claims. Though it accounted for just over half the sector ’ mho revenues in the first one-half of 2016, the car cable received 73.2 % of claims by measure, according to the CNA. Sais told OBG that his company alone took over 400,000 claims in 2015, among roughly 1m filed across the sector. Costs per title are besides rising as the yugoslavian dinar ’ s disparagement increases prices for substitute parts, about all of which are manufactured overseas .
To combat rising accident rates, the authorities are preparing a points-based driver ’ randomness license system that will increase penalties for poor drivers. At the lapp time, the UAR is nearing completion of a national automotive register that would allow insurers to track applicants ’ driving history and prevent imposter and double coverage. Brahim Djamel Kassali, president of the united states of the UAR, told OBG that he expects the system to be rolled out in 2017, once the sector work force is fully trained .

Claims Backlog

The UAR had hoped to launch the register in 2016, but, according to Kassali, insurers were obliged to dedicate significant resources towards a more pressing precedence for the sector : reducing a claims backlog. For years, red tape and decelerate march has led to car claims piling up, reaching closely AD40bn ( €330.9m ) by mid-2015. Under press from the CSA, insurers worked to determine claim volumes and median values of the backlog year by class, then settled each class amongst themselves based on these averages and issued customer payments. “ These late payments have had a veto affect on insurers ’ public persona, ” Sais told OBG, “ but it is a problem that the entire commercialize, united under the UAR, is working to find immediate solutions. ” In 2016 Kassali confirmed that this cost-averaging system allowed insurers to resolve all claims through 2012, and said the sector hoped to complete the process by mid-2017. “ We need to sanctify the right to damage recompense, ” Kassali said. To do so, in July 2016 UAR ’ s members agreed on a newly streamlined claims system. once amply in effect in 2017, it should allow clients to be paid immediately while insurers sort out duty and payments between themselves .

Price Competition

Price ceilings for compulsory policy and citation prices for other policies are set by the speciate Pricing Office, which is chaired by a representative of the Ministry of Finance and includes UAR representatives. But during years of slowly growth, many insurers issued increasingly large discounts in holy order to attract clients, who now expect low-cost policies. “ The crook will not stop trending down, ” Sais told OBG. “ But ultimately this price dump is not in the pastime of either the insurers or the insured. ”
today, as premium growth has slowed in line with the economy at big, this phenomenon is squeezing sector profits. “ We have always advocated that rival should focus on service quality rather than price, ” Benmicia told OBG. “ The degree of contest on prices is very inhibit growth in the sector. ”

early in 2016, as insurers prepared to launch the national automotive register, regulators urged all providers to reinstate bonus-malus price for car indemnity, adjusting premiums based on drivers ’ performance quite than giving across-the-board discounts that cut profits while diminishing incentives for good drive. Some insurers within the UAR have been encouraging the association to resolve what they describe as excessively low prices, but Kassali said the here and now is not right. He told OBG, “ We need to take care of our own issues now, for example, by working hard to fix the car claims backlog. then in 2017 we will be in a better position to discuss increasing rates. ”

Fund Placement

In accession to meeting minimum solvency requirements, insurers are required by law to hold at least 50 % of reservation funds in Treasury bonds ( T-bills ). According to CNA figures, in 2014 insurers ’ collective T-bill holdings totalled AD95.9bn ( €793.3m ), or 58.5 % of reserves. They chose to exceed the minimal requirement because T-bills have typically offered interest rates between 3 % and 4 % in holocene years. however, insurers ’ calculation changed in May 2016 following the National Economic Growth Bond, which offered interest rates at 5-5.75 %. In a June 2016 CNA newsletter Kassali said insurers had purchased AD15bn ( €124.1m ) in the bond in the first two months alone .


Improvements to automotive claims action and determined efforts to resolve the claims backlog should help rehabilitate the policy sector ’ randomness trope slightly in 2017, and relieve it of a long-standing fiscal load. This will allow insurers to focus on expanding promising aid and SME-tailored products, a well as products across the life segment. Regulators ’ close attention to developing the sector and its contribution to the national economy should help insurers to resolve price worries and other regulative obstacles. many insurers are undaunted by the challenge. As Sais told OBG, “ People frequently look for solutions in policy when uncertainty rises, and therefore this time period presents an opportunity for those with resource, advanced products and good service. ”

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